Sunday, November 4, 2012

Discover how to relate the Symptoms of Throat Cancer with Helpful preventative measures

Symptoms of Throat Cancer and Treatment Options: Throat Cancer Guide
Throat cancer affects the throat, which is a hollow tube that runs from the back of the nose to the lower neck. It can also affect epiglottis, which is a lid for the windpipe and tonsils located at the back of the throat. Throat cancer typically occurs when cells in the throat are prone to genetic mutations which lead to abnormal growth of the cells.

What are different types of throat cancers?

    Oropharyngeal cancer: It is the cancer of the part of throat that is behind the mouth and includes the tonsils as well.
    Nasopharyngeal cancer: It includes the part of throat that is behind the nose.
    Laryngopharyngeal cancer: It includes the lower part of the throat above the esophagus and wind pipe.
    Glottic cancer: This includes the cancer affecting the vocal cords.

Symptoms of throat cancer

Most common symptoms of throat cancer include the following:

    Pain in the ear.
    Persistent sore throat.
    Feeling of a lump in the neck.
    Unexplained reasons for weight loss.
    Problem with breathing.
    Persistent cough.
    Pain in the throat.
    Difficulty with swallowing food and feeling of a mass behind the throat.

Symptoms like hoarseness of voice, cough and pain in throat are common with other medical conditions but if they persist longer than two weeks, it is important to seek prompt medical attention as this coupled with other symptoms may indicate development of throat cancer.

How throat cancer can be diagnosed?

There are different imaging studies that can be performed to get rid of throat cancer, these may include:

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
    PET (Positron emission tomography) Scan
    CT (Computed tomography) or CAT (Computed axial tomography) scan.
    X-rays for chest and teeth.

In order to identify the location of throat cancer, physician may advise about set of x-ray studies after a barium swallow, laryngeal stroboscopy, fiberoptic endoscopic examination of swallowing. Physician may also inform you about need of different biopsies depending upon the stage of the disease and other factors. These may include conventional incisional biopsy, fine needle aspiration biopsy, and an endoscopy.

People who regularly smoke and drink are prone to the development of throat cancer. Oral sex also carries the increases chances of HPV infection that leads to throat cancer. Smoking cessation is important to eliminate chances of development of cancer. It is imperative to seek timely diagnosis should the common symptoms persist longer than two weeks.

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