A sebaceous cyst is a closed below the surface of skin that is filled with thick fluid called sebum. They are very common in the areas of body with hair growth but they can also occur on the face, back, ears, upper arms, and chest. Genitalia are also a common spot for their occurrence. These cysts often drain a thick viscous fluid that can be foul smelling. These cysts are mainly round in shape and smooth to touch. These greatly vary in size.
What are the symptoms of sebaceous cyst?
A sebaceous cyst is also termed as steatoma and consists mainly of fatty substance, viscous fluid, and fibrous tissues. A sebaceous cyst is generally pain free but can pose plenty of complications when infected in terms of redness, burning, and itching. Whether it is infected or not, the patient should not make any attempts to scratch or pop the cyst. It can lead to spread of infection to the skin around the cyst which can aggravate the problem.
How are they formed and how can we treat them?
The reason behind the emergence of sebaceous cyst is unknown. The excess product of oil or sebum often leads to the formation of cyst. Irrespective of the nature of the cyst formed, there are many useful treatment tips that can help with the prevention of these, these mainly include:
- Heat Application: Application of dry heat can greatly help them shrink in size. The oil or sebum under the skin forms a wax like material that collects in the form of cyst. Application of dry heat can help melt it down and can also ease the body’s ability to absorb the oils. You can use heat packs for 10-15 minutes to the affected area 3-4 times a day. Make sure that you do not use very hot application. Heat application should be gentle and medium heat should be utilized.
- Herbal Remedies: There are many types of herbal remedies available that boost the immune system to prevent the emergence of these cysts. These are rich in vitamins and zinc required for healthy skin. You can utilize herbal remedies that contain extracts of milk thistle, red clover, burdock root, etc.
- Hygiene: It is imperative to keep the area as clean and dry as possible. Wash your face with antibacterial face wash and pat dry with a soft towel. Do not apply any oily products to the affected area as this can worsen the cyst.
- Lifestyle: Avoid excess sugar intake, take good rest, indulge in exercise, eat healthy foods, and cut on junk foods. These simple lifestyle changes are not only good for immune system but they can greatly help prevent emergence of sebaceous cysts.