Acidity or gastroesophageal reflux disease or hyperacidity or heart burn or acid reflux disease or gastric reflux disease
This is a problem that occurs due to damage in the mucosal membrane of the body. The basic recognizable symptom is the burning sensation in chest region and stomach.
Causes of acidity
There are numerous causes that lead acidity. Commonly encountered causes are:-
2. Consuming heavy food
4. Consuming acidic food
5. Long fasting hours
6. Alcohol consumption
Signs and symptoms
Signs and symptoms can be categorized in the three categories:-
3. Barrett’s esophagus
In adults the most common symptoms that appear are heart burn, regurgitation, dysphagia i.e. difficulty in swallowing. There are also some lesser symptoms like trouble in swallowing, excessive production of saliva commonly known as water brash, nausea or vomiting sensation, pain in chest region especially upper stomach region (epigastric region).
In some cases of adults there might occur some injuries to the food pipe.
In children there are less prominent symptoms than from adults. These may be vomiting, Excessive salivation, and coughing, respiratory problems. Asthma like symptoms, decreased appetite, irritability
Barett’s esophagus this is the serious condition that is a precursor condition of carcinoma.
Diagnosing the GERD
There are methods by which one can get diagnosed. These are:-
Esophageal pH monitoring
Barium Swallow X rays,
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